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Environ Anal Health Toxicol > Volume 39:2024 > Article
Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology 2024;39(1):e2024001-0. doi: https://doi.org/10.5620/eaht.2024001
Anticancer potency of Egyptian venom snakes on MCF-7 and HepG2 carcinoma cells
Sherif Abdallah1, Khaled Y. Abdel-Halim2 , Abeer Alm-Eldeen1
1Department of Zoology, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Tanta, Egypt
2Mammalian & Aquatic Toxicology Department, Central Agricultural Pesticides Laboratory (CAPL), Agricultural Research Center (ARC), Giza, Egypt
Corresponding Author: Khaled Y. Abdel-Halim ,Email: khaled_yassen68@yahoo.com
Received: September 11, 2023;  Accepted: December 13, 2023.
ABSTRACT
Breast and hepatic cancers are the leading incidences in the globe occurring of the human sufferings from various cancers. Snake venoms have been reported to provide effective therapeutic agents. The current study investigates the anticancer potency of Egyptian venoms snakes on two cells: breast cancer cells (MCF-7) and hepato-cancer cells (HepG2) (In vitro assay). The examined venoms were more potent on MCF-7 than HepG2 cells. Their inhibition % on MCF-7 ranged from 71.47 to 99.02% with medium inhibition concentrations (IC50s): 3.48, 3.60, 3.70, 4.33, and 4.49 μg/ml for venoms: Echis pyramid (E.H), Cerastes vipera (C.V), Naja haje (N.H), Echis coloratus (E.C), and Cerastes cerastes (C.C), respectively. The values of IC50s on HepG2 were 4.32, 17.77, 59.72, 63.75, and 217.90 μg/ml for toxins: E.C, E.P, C.V, C.C, and N.H, respectively. Some biomarkers were conducted to investigate the apoptotic effects of toxins into the cells. Increasing profiles of lactate dehydrogenase (LDH) activity and levels of glutathione content (GSH) and malodialdhyde (MDA) as well as repairment of DNA indicated such these actions. So, more reliable investigations on these venoms were needed to provide intelligent therapeutic agent for cancer treatment.
Keywords: Egyptian venom snakes, Anticancer effects, MTT test, Biomarkers
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