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Journal of Environmental Toxicology 2010;25(4):259-262.
정신과적 관점
김재원
서울대학교 정신과학교실
What is Environmental Disease? - Psychiatric Perspectives
Jae-Won Kim
ABSTRACT
  In this review, we give an overview of psychiatric perspectives on environmental disease. The concept of genetic heritability and its meaning with regard to environmental risk factors will be discussed. Recent ideas of geneenvironment interaction and neurodevelopmental disorder in psychiatry will also be introduced. This article discusses the environmental risk factors for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and autism, the two major environmental diseases and neurodevelopmental disorders in psychiatry. Given that both ADHD and autism are complex conditions, the etiology is likely to involve multiple genes of moderate effect interacting with environmental factors. We will introduce recent environmental issues related to these two disorders.
Keywords: Environmental disease; Psychiatry; Gene-environment interaction; Neurodevelopmental disorder; Environmental toxicants
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