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Journal of Environmental Toxicology 2010;25(1):57-68.
보육시설 및 실내놀이터 중심으로
양지연, 김호현, 양수희, 김선덕, 전준민, 신동천, 임영욱
1연세대학교 환경공해연구소
2연세대학교 환경공해연구소
3연세대학교 환경공해연구소
4연세대학교 환경공해연구소
5순천제일대학 토목환경과
6연세대학교 의과대학 예방의학교실
7연세대학교 환경공해연구소
Health Risk Assessment of Aldehydes and VOCs in the Activities Space of Young Children - Focused on Child-care Facilities and Indoor Playgrounds -
Ji-Yeon Yang , Ho-Hyun Kim , Su-Hee Yang , Sun-Duk Kim , Jun-Min Jeon , Dong-Chun Shin , Young-Wook Lim
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ABSTRACT
  This study assessed the lifetime cancer and non-cancer risk of aldehydes and volatile organic compounds exposure of young children at child-care facilities and indoor playgrounds in Korea. The samples were collected at various children"s facilities (40 day-care houses, 42 child-care centers, 44 kindergartens, and 42 indoor play-grounds) in summer (Jul~Sep, 2007), winter (Jan~Feb, 2008) and Spring (Mar~Apr, 2008) periods, and analyzed by GC-MS. We estimated the lifetime excess cancer risks (ECRs) of formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, benzene, chloroform, CCI4 and tetrachloroethylene, and the hazard quotients (HQs) of Non-carcinogens (toluene, xylene, benzaldehyde and formaldehyde). Formaldehyde evaluated both cancer and non-cancer risk. The average ECRs of formaldehyde for young children were 1 × 10?⁴ ~ 1 × 10?? level in all facilities. HQs of four non-carcinogens did not exceed 1.0 for all subjects in all facilities.
Keywords: child-care facilities; health risk assessment; VOCs; aldehydes
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