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Journal of Environmental Toxicology 2010;25(1):11-18.
말똥성게 (Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus)의 수정 및 배 발생률을 이용한 해양배출 폐기물의 독성평가
황운기, 류향미, 김성길, 박종수, 안경호
1서해수산연구소 자원환경과
2서해수산연구소 자원환경과
3국립수산과학원 연구과
4서해수산연구소 자원환경과
5서해수산연구소 자원환경과
Toxicity Assessment of Ocean Dumping Wastes Using Fertilization and Embryo Development Rates in the Sea Urchin (Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus)
Un-Ki Hwang , Hyang-Mi Ryu , Sung-Gil Kim , Jong-Soo Park , Kyoung-Ho An
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ABSTRACT
  Toxicity assessment of ocean dumping wastes (dye waste, urban sewage, food waste) were examined in the fertilization and embryo development rates of the Sea Urchin, Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus. Spawning was induced by injecting 1 ㎖ of 0.5 M KCI into coelomic cavity. Males released white or cream-colored sperms and females released yellow or orange-colored eggs. Experiments were began within 30 min the collection of both gametes. The fertilization and embryo development rates test were performed for 10 min and 64 h after fertilization, respectively. The fertilization and embryo development rates in the control condition (not including ocean dumping wastes sludge elutriate) were greater than 90%, but suddenly decreased with increasing of ocean dumping waste sludge elutriate concentrations. The fertilization and normal embryogenesis rates were significantly inhibited in all waste sludge elutriate from dye waste (EC??=4.37; EC??= 1.76), urban sewage (EC??=5.79; EC??=2.00) and food waste (EC??=7.68; EC??=2.16), respectively. The NOEC(<3.13) and LOEC (3.13) of fertiliztion and normal embryogenesis rates very similar in all waste sludge elutriate. These results suggest that biological assay using the fertilization and embryo development rates of H. pulcher-rimus are very useful test method for the ecological toxicity assessment of ocean dumping wastes.
Keywords: Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus; fertilization rate; embryogenesis; ocean dumping wastes; toxicity
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