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Journal of Environmental Toxicology 2009;24(3):241-249.
카드뮴과 구리에 노출된 풍년새우의 생태독성
박기연, 이동주, 이창훈, 원두희, 이원철, 곽인실
전남대학교 해양기술학부
Studies on Endpoints of Toxicological Evaluation of Heavy Metals in Brachinella kugenumaensis
Kiyun Park , Dong Ju Lee , Chang-Hoon Lee , Du-Hee Won , Wonchoel Lee , Inn-Sil Kwak
  Heavy metal contaminants on the aquatic environment are of interest because they can have severe effects on economy and public health. Recently, the studies for monitoring of heavy metals try to do on aquatic system to assess safety and health of ecosystem by heavy metals. Thus, biological responses were investigated on Korean fairy shrimp Branchinella kugenumaensis exposed to cadmium (Cd) or copper (Cu) for long-periods (30 days). The survival rate decreased significantly (p<0.05) on B. kugenumaensis exposed to Cd and Cu at all concentrations. Especially, the highest decrease was observed at the relatively high concentration of Cd and Cu (p<0.01) and the response by Cd exposure was at dose-dependent. The growth rates were also decreased significantly (p<0.05) on B. kugenumaensis exposed to Cd and Cu for at all concentrations. Then, the reproduction rate, numbering cyst, was decreased significantly (p<0.01) on B. kugenumaensis after Cd or Cu exposures. Long exposure of the relatively high concentration Cd and Cu can have severe effects on the reproduction, while exposures of Cd and Cu can not have effects on sex ratios of B. kugenumaensis. Additionally, asymmetric tel son deformity was only observed after Cd exposure. Therefore, these results suggest that B. kugenumaensis is a sensitive bio-indicator of heavy metal exposure and these biological responses of B. kugenumaensis give important information for long-term monitoring on aquatic ecosystem.
Keywords: Branchinella kugenumaensis; cadmium; copper; survival; growth; reproduction; morphology deformity
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