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Journal of Environmental Toxicology 2007;22(3):271-277.
담수산 물벼룩인 Moina macrocopa를 이용한 과불화화합물 PFOA와 PFOS의 독성평가
이철우, 김현미, 최경희
Toxicity Assessment of PFOA and PFOS Using Freshwater Flea Hyalella azteca
Chulwoo Lee , Hyun-Mi Kim , Kyunghee Choi
  Perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA) and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are fully flurorinated organic compounds which are highly persistent in environment and accumulated in organism. These chemicals are released to the environment at their manufacture, during their use in industrial and consumer applications and from disposal after their use. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of PFOA and PFOS on the freshwater flea (Moina macrocopa). Acute toxicity test and chronic toxicity test were performed for 2 days and 10 days, respectively. Acute toxicity was assessed on the basis of mortality, while chronic toxicity was assessed by fecundity as well as mortality. The acute toxicity studies on PFOA and PFOS showed that the values of LC?? were 73.9 ㎎/ℓ and 27.7 ㎎/ℓ respectively. In the chronic toxicity test, fecundity was reduced significantly at 24.1 ㎎/ℓ of PFOA and 9.3 ㎎/ℓ of PFOS, respectively. Conclusively, the results of this work suggest that Moina macrocopa could be a suitable model organism for screening and assessing of environmental pollutants in water.
Keywords: perfluorooctanoic acid(PFOA); perfluorooctane sulfonate(PFOS); Moina macrocopa
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