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Environ Anal Health Toxicol > Volume 36:2021 > Article
Environmental Analysis Health and Toxicology 2021;36(4):e2021026-0. doi: https://doi.org/10.5620/eaht.2021026
The use of green mussel as bioindicator of heavy metal pollution in Indonesia: a review
Ismail Saleh, Syamsir Syamsir , Vita Pramaningsih , Hansen Hansen
Department of Environmental Health, Universitas Muhammadiyah Kalimantan Timur, Samarinda, Indonesia
Corresponding Author: Syamsir Syamsir ,Email: sya809@umkt.ac.id
Received: June 2, 2021;  Accepted: November 2, 2021.
ABSTRACT
Asian green mussel is a marine animal that is used as food by most Indonesians. The mussels are widely cultivated in tropical countries such as Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand, and other Asian countries. The mussel, known as perna viridis, is marine biota that is a filter feeder in the waters. Therefore, the quality of its meat is greatly influenced by the quality of the sea in its habitat. It is a food that is quite popular with the community but can endanger public health due to the accumulation of heavy metals. This study used a literature review by collecting data related to heavy metal concentrations in green mussel tissue in Indonesia. The results showed that the mussels from several sampling locations still exceeded the maximum acceptable limits of lead (Pb), mercury (Hg), and cadmium (Cd) concentration according to the standards of the food and drug administration of the Republic of Indonesia. Consumption of green mussels can increase health risks if you frequently consume them from cultivating or catching locations that have been contaminated with heavy metals.
Keywords: Green mussel, Perna viridis, Bioindicator, Health risk, Heavy metal
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